The most common social chain dance in many countries from the Caucasians through southern Europe is based on a 3 measure motif, non-concordant with the music;
step-step, step (&wait), step (&wait)
Structuring in 3 motifs is often termed "ternary" in connection with Romanian dance analysis.
Note: within musical terminology "ternary" describes an A-B-A structure of the piece where B is a contrasting part or another dance. In Romanian dance terminology "ternary" is used for micro structuring of motifs or steps in threes.
In Romania this is found in the Carpathian Brâul and in the common Sârba.
- Carpathian Brâul is generally a moderate tempo dance in 2/4, although there are many more complex derivatives. This dance is mostly considered to be one of the oldest dance types in Romania.
- Common Sârba is a lively dance in 2/4, with the melody often in compound time.
- "Ternary" structure Hora type includes a number of dances to Hora music that are based on 3 measure structures non-concordant with the 4 measure music.
- Dances with commands to Sârba type music, with a "ternary" structure, are mostly found in Moldavia. These are probably related to Brâul bătrân, however are generally classified as Sârbe.
|Carpathian Brâul||Brâul, Corăgheşte||shoulder hold||3 measure, plimbăre travelling to the right & figures||3 measure, syncopation, stamping, heel clicks||2/4|
|common Sârba||Sârba||shoulder hold||3 measure, plimbăre travelling to the right & figures||3 measure, stamping, heel clicks||2/4 compound time|
|"Ternary" Hora||Jianul, Balta, Salta||hands joined at shoulder height||3 measure phrases non-concordant with music||walking, stamps, heel lifts, leaps||2/4|