During the late 19th century the marshes in the south east of Hungary, west from Bihor, were drained. The peoples immigrating here came from other parts of the Austrian empire. Bekescsaba is mainly Slovak, Gyula has a Hungarian majoriy, Mehkerek is Romanian, and Elek was mostly German. After WW1 the region was divided between Hungary and Romania, mostly the border follows the line of ethnic division, however there are a few Romanian villages now in Hungary and a few Hungarian villages in Romania. The county museum in Bekescsaba has a good presentation of the different peoples living in this area.
The Romanian music and dances has been collected mainly in the villages of Elek and Mehkerek and is a continuation of the Bihor Romanian types.