The accordion came into existence in the early 19th century in western Europe via a number of progressions from the first bellowed free reed instruments. According to Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu early forms were in 20 rural localities in Romania in 1884-1885 under the names of "armonica", "armonic", "armoniu". In the early 20th century there are a number of recordings of songs and dances by musicians with names such as David Harmonistu, Lupu Harmonistru, Aristide, etc.
The majority of melody playing use of the accordion for dance music is in Muntenia. The best known accordionists recorded by Electrecord such as Fărâmiţa Lambru, Marcel Budală, and Ilie Udilă have a very smooth, but crisp style. The expectation for accordionists now appears to do more with speed and number of notes fitted in each measure.
In the other regions there are accordionists playing melodies, but this is rather rare with the preference still with violin, clarinet, sax and taragot.
However the accordion is dominating as the harmony accompaniment in most regions' village music, replacing the the cobza, cimbalom and contra, being preferred due to its strong sound.
Alexandru, T (1980), Romanian folk music, Musical publishing house, Bucharest
Alexandru, T, sleeve notes on ST-EPE 03506