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The doina is a free form lyrical song made up of a sequence of melodic elements ornamented and lengthened by the performer in a manner typical of the area. The doina is only found with the Romanians, throughout the whole of Romania, in vocal and instrumental versions, but is becoming rarer in Transylvania and Moldavia.

Some other free form lyrical songs are found throughout the Balkans, such as the Na trapeza of Bulgaria, and further to the east, but it is not known if these are related to the doina or have developed independently.


Alexandru, T (1980), Romanian folk music, Musical publishing house, Bucharest


© Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Mar-07