The common fluier is the equivalent to our tin whistle, but made out of wood with the lower aperture of reduced diameter. These are found all over the Balkans. In Transylvania it is known as trisca. The larger version is known as the fluieroi.
The fluier come in various sizes with the largest known as the fluier mare or caval and the smallest known as the fluieras or trisca.
The end blown (not stopped) smaller fluieras and larger fluierul mare are types of fluier are found in Moldavia, particularly Bucovina. The fluier dobrogene is a variant found in Dobrogea which is similar to the small fluier of Moldavia. It has a seventh hole for the thumb (like a recorder) and is made of reed.
Similar instruments found in surrounding countries are known as; Frula (Serbia), Duduk (Bulgaria), Dentsvika (Ukraine), Dudka (Ukraine), Duduk (Serbian Vlach), Floghera (Greece), Fluier (Romania), Furulya (Hungary), Fujarka (Poland), Jedinca (Croatia), Ovcharska svirka (Turkey).
The end-blown fluier is a cylindrical tube open at both ends, like the tilinca, made of wood or metal with six finger holes. End blown pipes are also found in some surrounding countries; Floyera (Greece), Salamayyia (Eygpt), Shupelka (Bulgaria), Soplika (Ukraine).
Alexandru, T (1980), Romanian folk music, Musical publishing house, Bucharest