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Traditional costumes in


Traditional dance
in Romania


Traditional music
in Romania


Ethnographic regions
in Romania




Bulgarian traditional dances


Bulgarian traditional music


Bulgarian traditional customs


Welcome to our website

The name ‘Eliznik was based on an amalgamation of the authors’ names which they had previously used for dance teaching booklets and notes. This website has two parts: the reference ‘fixed pages’ and the newer Blog. These are interlinked through the context dependent menus on the left sidebar, so posts will have links to related reference pages, and references pages will have links to posts. This Blog is divided into three subject areas: Ethnography – our continued research and interest in the customs, music and dancing in the Balkans Academic – subjects from the perspective of academic study Photos – the latest uploads History The …read more

Câmpia Aradului map

Câmpia Aradului is the plain around the city of Arad. In geographic terms this area is bounded to the south by the Mureș river, to the east by the mountains and to the north along a line of the villages, Pâncota, Caporal Alexa, Olari, Șimand and Sânmartin. The sub-zones listed by Viorel Nistor suggest that the northern limit of Câmpia Aradului is west from Șiria, thus excluding the villages of Țara Zărandului. To the east of Câmpia Aradului is the wine growing area in the foot hills known as Podgoria Aradului. However, the “Dictionary of Traditional Art” in the entry …read more

Țara Zărandului

The Arpad (Magyar leader) conquest of this region was probably in the 10th century and the administrative regions from this time are called vármegye in Hungarian or comitatul in Romanian (from Latin comitatus). Various dates for the first documentation of the names for this region (1150, 1237, 1271, 1324) are given in Romanian and Hungarian texts (without any references!). Sometime between 1203 and 1214 the county of Zarand was separated from the county of Bihor, and the citadel of Zărand was founded after 1232. The region continued as an administrative region with the county town of Zarand and then the …read more

Valea Lopatna map

The river Lopatna is one of the main tributaries of the Cricovul Sărat river which leads to a depression in the hills east of Teleajen between Matița to Cărbunești. These villages were out of the way of the Transylvanian trade routes, but had a salt mining industry. More than half of the villages are documented during the 15th to 17th centuries by the various rulers of Țara Româneasca, and were free villages, handed down from their elders. However, royal possession through sale of confiscation or ownership by the monasteries led to the villagers paying their dues. From the 18th century …read more

Valea Prahova map

The Prahova Valley ethnographic zone extends from Azuga in the north to Filipeștii de Târg in the south. Included in the Prahova Valley zone are the villages on either side plus the villages in the Doftana Valley. The town of Câmpina was the customs post on the trade route from Brașov, via valea Doftana and Predeal. The comuna of Valea Doftanei was formed from the two villages of Teșila and Tăisteni in the Doftanei valley. There was a mountain pass through to Brașov via Predeal, so a connection both for trade and between the shepherding communities, however the modern road …read more

Valea Teleajenului map

The villages in the upper and middle valley above Vălenii de Munte form the compact Teleajen communities although this zone reaches south to near Ploiesti. Vălenii de Munte was the customs post and county town of Săcuieni (or Saac in the Slavic form) which is one of the ancient counties of Țara Românesc and generally attributed to Mircea cel Bătrân (1386–1418). The ancient route from Transylvania to the Danube crossed the mountains from the customs point at Varma Buzăului, over the mountain ridge route past Vârful Piatra lui Crai, then followed the Drajna valley through Cerașu and Slon (which means …read more

Subzona Chiojdurilor map

Starchiojdul, Chiojdu Mic and Valea Ana are connected by legend to two old men that settled there and had two sons and a daughter that founded these three localities, then Ana moved south and opened an inn called Chiojdeanca. Oral tradition says gives an Transylvanian origin to these founders. The oldest village seems to be Starchiojdul, known in the past as Stari Kiojd, which is clearly not a Romanian language toponym, Stari being Slavic for old and Kiojd could be from Szeker or Slavic. This village is documented by Mihail Voievod in 1418. By oral tradition local wood workers cleared …read more