Taraf from Voivodeni (Hungarian Vajdaszentivány), county of Mureș, Transylvania, photo taken 2003. Typical central Transylvanian taraf of violin, contra and bass.
Village taraf in the village of Topa, county of Mureș, Transylvania, photo taken in 2001.
Drum set for the village fanfare (brass band) from the village of Timișești, county of Neamț, Moldavia, photo taken in 2003.
Village brass band from the village of Timișești fanfare (brass band), county of Neamț, Moldavia, photo taken in 2003.
Taragot group at Mărișel, Apuseni mountain region, county Cluj, Transylvania, photo taken 2007.
The Stroh violin uses a mica resonator and a horn to amplify the sound and was used in the recording industry from the late 19th century until the introduction of electronic amplification. These live on with the Romanians of Bihor region who still make them in the villages and call them vioară cu goarnă
(violin with horn). Musician from Bihor, photo taken 1998.
Musicians from the village of Valea Stejarului, Maramureș. Typical musical group of violin, adapted guitar know as zongora
, and medium sized drum with a cymbal mounted on the top , photo taken 1990.
Taraf from Prahova, Muntenia, photo taken 2004.
, and fluier
village ensemble "Lastarasul" Corjova, Republic of Moldova. Note this more modern version of the cobza
is fretted and strung more conventionally with strings, in pairs.
Taraf of violin, contra and bass at Miheșu de Câmpie, Transylvania, photo taken 2001.
Instrument maker demonstrating Târvul
(reed pipe with gourd) and colleague demonstrating a Bâzoi
(small reed pipe) from Polovragi, Gorj, Oltenia, photo taken 1998.
A twin flute made from one piece of wood, alongside the six holed fluier is a drone pipe which may have a finger hole to change the note by a tone. This double fluier (fluier gemanat
) player is from Polovragi, Gorj county, Oltenia, photo taken 1998.
Small (pocket) trumpet played in orchestra "Maria Tănase" from the city of Craiova, Dolj county, Oltenia, photo taken 2006.
The second violin, known as contră
in the Transylvanian counties of Mureș, Bistrița, and Cluj has only three strings (two G strings and one D string), strung across a flat bridge so that chords can be played. Contră musicians at the village of Mociu, county of Cluj, Transylvania, photo taken 2007.
Village musicians at the Sunday dance in the village of Certeze, Oaș, county of Satu Mare. The violin is adapted to change the tone and the simply strung guitar is known as a zongora
, photo taken in 1990.
Bucium player in Gârcina, Neamț county, Moldavia, photo taken 2003.