This post is about the Căluș custom as it is now in Bulgaria where the spelling is Калуш in Cyrillic we have used the official transliteration into Latin script of Kalush when referring to the specific traditions in Bulgaria for consistency with the usage in these locations. This does not indicate any difference in pronunciation, origin or ethnic identities. The extent of Kalushari (Călușari) in the more distant past is difficult to assess, although Marinov (late 19th century) documented traditions that took place during rusali in villages in many regions of Bulgaria. From accounts written in the late 19th and …read more
All the Călușeri dance traditions are within the men’s group dance category in that they are performed by a group of men, dancing the same figures and steps in unison, and the dancers are not connected by hands (or any other sticks or swords). Many traditions (but not all) include holding a stick which is used mainly for support or just held upward when needed, or placed on the ground while dancing.
The upper plateux area of Mehedinți is historically connected to the town of Baia de Aramă. The area was known first in the early 19th century as Plaiul Munțelui, but locally took the name Plaiul Cloșanilor following the success of fighters from Cloșani during the 1821 revolution. The ethnographic zone also includes the depression to the south east of the uplands between Ilovăț and Bala , other regional reports include the lower areas further southeast (the line east of Drobeta).
I drew these maps manually about 20 years using PowerPoint, since then we have seen them used by many other websites!
I have followed the terminology of Paun Durlić by using Dunari (Dunavljani) for this area surrounding the town of Kladovo. In Serbian the wider region is known as Timočka Krajina and this part is often referred to as Ključ. In Romanian it is unclear if this is included in Timoc. Geographically it is clear that this area is closely related to the surroundings of Drobeta, Timoc being further down the Danube and close to the plains of Mehedinți and Dolj. The zone is predominately populated by Romanian speaking peoples known as Vlasi in Serbian or Rumân in their mother tongue, …read more
The region of the Crna Reka depression, the valley of the Crni Timok or Crna River, is a separate region to the Timoc ethnographic zone in terms of geographical separation and people. It is noticeable that the northern area is predominantly Romanian speaking and the southern part is predominantly Serbian speaking. Romanian speaking peoples are known as Vlasi in Serbian or Rumân in their mother tongue, or otherwise referred to as Ungareni. This is a term that relates to an origin from within the Hungarian empire which is used for people, costumes and dances on the eastern or southern side …read more
In Serbian the wider region is known as Timočka krajina, in Romanian it is Valea Timocului or just Timoc. The bounded zone shown is just the region that includes Romanian speaking peoples known as Vlasi in Serbian or Rumân in their mother tongue, or otherwise referred to as Țărani (meaning peasants that work the land or written as Carani). The language is related to the Oltenian dialect of Romanian, as opposed to other Vlasi to the west that speak the Banat Romanian dialect. In publications for the area in Serbia and in Bulgaria. The term Câmpeni (meaning plains or written …read more
For ethnographic simplicity I have separated the historical Zarand county into the mountain sub-zone under the title “Țara Zărandului” and the plain are under “Câmpiei Crișului Alb”. This more accurately conveys the connection of the plain area to the neighbouring plain areas, an interference zone of the historic Zarand and the Criș plain.